30-km From Nizamabad, Adilabad District
Presiding Deity: Gnana Saraswati Devi
Unique Feature: One Of The Only Two Temples Dedicated To Saraswati In
Initially Named As: Vyasapuri
Basar is a small and dusty village amidst the dry and barren patches
of the north Telangana region, 30-km from Nizamabad. Basar is situated
on the banks of River Godavari. It is located at a distance of about
220-km by road and 260-km by rail from Hyderabad .
There is an ancient temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswati. The temple
at Basar is also the abode of Goddess Lakshmi and Kali. The current
structure dates back to the Chalukya period.
A small muddy road leads to the temple. This temple has no exquisite
carvings like other temples. Walking ahead a few steps, one enters the
sanctum sanctorum - a feeling better experienced than described. A
feeling of peace, brightness and unlimited joy engulfs one. The
presiding deity, 'Gnana Saraswati Devi', is in a seated position with
a 'Veena' in hand and bedecked with turmeric. Adjacent is the shrine
of Goddess Maha Lakshmi and a little distance away, on the eastern
side is the Maha Kali temple.
Local legends suggest that Maharshi Vyasa the author of Mahabharata
came to the forests of Dandakaryana to meditate. He began meditating
on the banks of the River Godavari and found the place to be very
peaceful. The divine mother is believed to have appeared before the
sage and ordained him to build temples for the Shakti trio: Maha
Saraswati, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Kali. The sage Veda Vyasa did so by
bringing three handfuls of sand and sculpts out the figures. This
place was initially named after Vyasa and was called "Vyasapuri".
Later on it got corrupted to Vasara and ultimately Basara / Basar.
The Eight Pushkarnis
Some 100m from the temple is the cave, where the devout 'Narahari
Maluka' is believed to have performed rigorous penance. There is a
four-sided monolith rock called "Vedavathi", which produces different
sounds on each side when struck. It is said to contain jewels of Sita
Devi. There are eight 'Pushkarnis' spread across the village known as
'Indra Teeratham', 'Surya Teeratham', 'Vyasa Teeratham', 'Valmiki
Teeratham', 'Vishnu Teeratham', 'Ganesha Teeratham', 'Puthra Teeratham'
and 'Shiva Teeratham'.
The most important festivals celebrated are Maha Shivaratri
(February-March) and Devi Navaratrulu (Septmber-October) and on both
the occasions about 10,000 pilgrims visit the place from all parts of
Telengana and Marathwada.