The area of the district is
approximately 2085 sq. km. bordered by Tibet in the North, Bhutan in
the South-West and Sela ranges separate West Kameng district in the
The name TAWANG derives from some bearings on surroundings.
But people's interpretation is that the name TAWANG was given by Mera
Lama in the 17th century.
One can reach Tawang from other parts of the country via Guwahati and
Tezpur in Assam. From Guwahati(Assam) or Tezpur(Assam), one has to go
to Bhalukpong in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh and from
there via Bomdila and Sela Pass one can go to Tawang by road.
The inhabitants of the districts are all of Monpa tribes except Shyo
village which is dominated by people of Tibetian origin. The Monpas
belong to Mongoloid stock. They are well built, fair in complexion.
Their houses are built with stones and timbers. Agriculture and Animal
Husbandry are the fundamental means of the Monpas occupation.
Tawang Monastery is one of the most important element in Social and
Religious life of the Monpas. This Monastery is known as "GALDEN
NAMGYEL LHATSE". It is one of the most largest Lamaseries of Mahayana
sect in Asia. Lamseries comprise of several sections ranging near
about four hundred years, devoted to Love, Learning and Purity of
This fortified complex covers an area of 135 sq. meters enclosed by a
compound wall of 610 meter long. Within the complex there are 65
residential buildings and 10 other structures. The library have
valuable old scriptures mainly Kanjur and Tanjur numbering 850
bundles. It is dated back to 17th century A.D.
There are two major religious festivals of the Monpas viz "LOSAR" and
"TORGYA". Both festivals are celebrated once annually. The LOSAR s
celebrated to the commencement of New year. Every third year of
Torgya, the festival of Dungyur is celebrated. Both "Dungyur and
Torgya" festivals are celebrated at the premises of the Tawang
Monastery with traditional gaiety and enthusiasm.
There are beautiful lakes around Tawang. One is Pankang Teng Tso (P.T.
Tso ) lake. It is a fetching heaven for tourist only 17 KM away from
maddening crowd of township. It is a beautiful natural site and
provide tourist a lucky chance for deep communion with nature. Other
eye catching lakes are Sangetser lake , Banggachang lake.
When to visit During the period, April to
How to reach By bus from Tezpur(Assam) or Bomdila
Where to stay Circuit House, Inspection Bungalow, Hotel Nichu,
Clothing Warm clothing throughout the year
Nearest Airport Tezpur (Assam).
Nearest Bus stand Bomdila.
Nearest Railway Stn Rangapara(Assam).
What to see 400 years old famous Buddhist