176-km From Guwahati, Assam
Total Coverage Area: 391-sq-kms
Also Known As: Mathanguri
Visiting Season: October To April
Assam's first Tiger project (the other one is Nameri
National Park), Manas is also famous for its Rhinos and
Elephants and extends over varied territory, taking in hills
and river valleys on the border with Bhutan. The combination
of scenic beauty and rare wealth of wilderness proves to be one
of the most enthralling experiences in any wildlife enthusiast
The Manas park has eastern Himalayan moist mixed deciduous
forests covering. The dense forest cover often cuts out even the
sunlight. The eastern alluvial grassland also covers a major
portion of the Manas national park. These grassland are
grazing grounds for many herbivores. Manas also shows variety by
mixing low alluvial Saranah wood land and Assam valley
semi evergreen forests.
The reserve forest of 1928 Manas national park had been
declared as a tiger project in 1973. Of the present 18 Indian
Tiger Projects present in India, Manas national park is
the ninth one. The total coverage area of this sanctuary is
391-sq-km and the area of the tiger project being 540-sq-km.
This lovely reserve is formed from the watershed of the Manas,
Hakua and Beki rivers and borders with Bhutan. The bungalows at
Mothanguri, on the banks of the Manas, offer breathtaking
views of the jungle-clad hills. Established trails enter nearby
forests and follow the riverbanks, which becomes quite a
trekking expedition, especially for a lover of the wilds. Still,
try to arrange a boat cruise.
The Wild Attractions:
The core area of
Manas National Park is 360-km. Manas is a very special
biosphere, for it harbors twenty species of birds and animals
that are highly endangered and listed in the IUCN red data book.
Among the highly endangered species are the attractive Red
Pandas, which are occasionally in the higher elevation.
Initially the park was a wildlife sanctuary but in 1990
it was declared a national park.
Hispid Hare, Pigmy Hog and Golden Langur are some of the rare
species of animals to be found in the park apart from Tigers,
Elephants, Rhinoceros, Wild Buffalo, Wild Boar, Sambhar, Swamp
Deer, and Hog Deer, which are easily spotted at this park. Come
winter and Manas is full of Migratory birds like the Riverchats,
Forktails, Cormorants and Ducks like the Ruddy Shell-Duck. There
are regular woodland birds like the Indian Hornbill and Pied
Hornbill also found over here.
Butterflies and reptiles are also found aplenty in Manas. In the
river water, you can enjoy boating and fishing as well. Coloured
pebbles of the Manas River are an added attraction not to be
Arrangements are there in Manas to view animals from elephant's
back. From Mathanguri in the morning, elephants go out with
tourists for 3 hrs ride. Along with entry fee, camera is also
chargeable according to its standard. Concession is provided to
the students visiting the park.
The Manas park has a typical tropical climate with hot
Summers and cold winters. Take cotton cloths for summers and do
not forget to pack woolens during winters. The average rainfall
that the park gets is 160 cms, but the monsoon months bring
heavy downpours, which often flood the park.
The best season to visit Manas Park is between October to
April. Rest of the year it is off season for the park. Avoid
monsoons as many parts of the park is flooded and animals are
not easy to spot.
Accommodation & Facilities:
There are two lodges maintained and run by the tourism
department. These lodges provide good and comfortable
accommodation near the park. One of the lodge is located at
Barpeta Road and other is at Bansbari. The state department has
two bungalows at Mathanguri inside the forest. There is no
catering services at these bungalows and lodges so visitors have
to carry their own food stuff. But there are cooks at the
bungalows who cook food for the tourists. These chefs are also
provided by the forest department.
Barpeta Barpeta has various attractions including the
famous Vaishnava monastery. Acharya Madhabdev's statue is
installed within the monastery and its Kirtan Hall is a notable
Air: For Manas the nearest airport is Borjhar airport,
Guwahati. This airport is well connected with flights from other
major cities of the state.
Rail: The nearest railhead is Barpeta road, located
136-km from Guwahati.
Road: Manas national park is 176 kms from Guwahati from
where is easier to drive than to take any other transport. Manas
is well connected with other cities and towns in the state by
network of roads. There are regular bus services operated by
state transport as well as the private operators. One can also
hire taxis for the park from Guwahati.