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Gujarat  >>  Ahmedabad  >>    Surat   >>   Rajkot   >>  Vadodara   >>  Monuments    >>   Beaches  
History & Culture  >>   Temples    >>   Museums  >>  Hill Station  >>   Wildlife >>   Map

Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad was founded by Sultan Ahmed Shah on the banks of River Sabarmati in 1411 A.D.

Legend has it that he decided to build the capital at Ahmedabad because he saw a rabbit attacking one of his hunter dogs. It occurred to him that if the rabbits of the region were so brave, the people must be even braver.

Sultan Ahmed Shah graced his kingdom with splendid monuments, mosques, pavilions and mausoleums, marking the beginning of the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. Modern day Ahmedabad, the capital of the State of Gujarat is the largest city and a leading industrial centre in Gujarat. It is also the sixth largest in India. But Ahmedabad has a lot more to offer visitors.

Popularly known as the Manchester of the East, Ahmedabad boasts of the largest denim production in the world. It is also home to several interesting museums. Many of Ahmedabad's buildings bear the signatures of world-renowned architects like Le Corbusier, Louis Khan , Doshi and Correa.

It is from the austere habitat of Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, that the 'Father of the Nation' - Mahatma Gandhi took on the mighty British Empire, and gave human race one of its most remarkable ways to fight oppression - non-violence.

The Ahmedabad circuit, which covers the northern part of Gujarat, is a fascinating blend of history, culture and adventure. It is home to the Sabarmati Ashram, Mahatma Gandhi's famous retreat and the nerve centre of India's freedom movement, Ambaji -an important place of pilgrimage in Gujarat and some of the finest examples of Indo- Saracenic architecture like the Jumma Masjid and the Siddi Sayyad Mosque.
In Ahmedabad you will also find step wells, a unique feature of this region and ornately carved temples at Modhera and Kumbharia. Most of the places of tourist interest can be conveniently accessed from Ahmedabad by road, rail and air.
 

Places to Interest

Adalaj Vav ( Adalaj )

LOCATION:

Adalaj Vav is situated 18 kms. north of Ahmedabad in Gandhinagar district. Built in 1499 A.D. by Queen Rudabai, this step well at the village Adalaj is a fine example of magnificent architectural form, unique to Northwestern India.

The step well or Vav as it is locally called is intricately carved and is several stories in depth. The designs on its walls and pillars include, leaves, flowers, birds, fish and other breathtaking ornamental designs.

A unique characteristic of step wells was that they not only conserved water but were also cool chambers where one could rest during hot summer months. In the olden days, these step wells used to be frequented by travellers and caravans as stopovers along their trade routes.

The Jumma Masjid  (
Ahmedabad )
Jumma Masjid was built in 1424 CE by Sultan Ahmed Shah I, the founder of Ahmedabad. It is a massive structure with entrances on three-side west, south and north. The eastern porches entrance has the mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed Shah I. The mosque, which stands on 260 pillars, is supported by 15 domes arranged symmetrically. A feature of the mosque is the royal gallery with beautiful stonework.
The mosque shows distinctive Hindu and Jain influence on the Sultanate period architecture. Sir John Marshall has described the mosque as “one of the most superb and imposing structures of its class in the world.”

Shaking Minarets
 ( Ahmedabad )
The shaking minarets are two minarets located at the Siddhi Bashir mosque.
They are uniquely designed in a way that when one minaret is shaken the other one shakes too.

Siddi Sayed Mosque
 ( Ahmedabad )
Sidi Saiyad’s Mosque is famous for its 10 unique semi-circular tracery windows. The tracery resembles the famous silver filigree work for which Gujarat is so famous. They adorn the upper zones of the side and back walls. The two western windows with exquisite naturalistic patterns are without parallel anywhere in India. The remaining eight windows have jail workmanship of square grid pattern. The mosque was built in 1572-73 CE by Saikh Said commonly spelt as Sayyaid, who was noted noble of the time of Sultan Muzaffar Shah III.

The interior of the mosque is divided into 15 areas with differing inner dome-style. The wooden models of the two western windows have been placed in the New York and Kensington museums.

Sabarmati Ashram
  ( Ahmedabad )
Gandhi Ashram or Harijan Ashram founded in 1917 on the bank of the Sabarmati River played a notable part in the freedom struggle of the country. The first campaign that was launched from here was the Satyagrah of the Ahmedabad Textile Mill workers. Then came the Kheda Satyagrah. The anti-Rowlett Act. Campaign became a national movement against the British Government. Hriday Kunj, where Gandhiji has stayed, is very well maintained with his charkha and personal belongings on view. The Nandini Guest House where the stalwart leaders of the country stayed is not far off. It was from the Sabarmati Ashram that the Mahatama launched his famous Dandi March of 1930. That was the last campaign launched from this place. The Gandhi Sangralaya has an invaluable collection of the Mahatama’s correspondence and other memorabilia. The Ashram has a memorial center, library and sound and light spectacles for the benefit of the visitors.

The Pols
  ( Ahmedabad )
The urban structure of the town is made of several neighborhoods called ‘Pols’; ‘Pols’ are densely populated and are like a maze with carved wooden facades in traditional Gujarati architectural style.

Sarkhej Roza
 ( Ahmedabad )
The famous saint, Makhdum Shaikh Ahmed Khattu, a disciple of Baba Ishq Maghribi of Khattu, settle and died at Sarkhej, about 10 km. South-west of Ahmedabad. Construction on a dargah and mosque were begun in 1946, under Mohammad Shah II, and completed the reign of Sultan Qutb-ud-din Ahmed Shah.

The Dargah, the largest of its kind in Gujarat, has plinth area of 31.70 m. and is roofed by a large dome. It also has surrounding rows of 13 pillars on each side. The walls are broken up into two storeys and perforated stonework of gate variety fills up the spaces above and below the dividing stones. The inner central square, too, is partitioned by screen walls, perforated in steel and metal, with a door in similar workmanship.

A porch leads from the dargah into the Mosque, which to the west. The mosque has a roof of uniform height. Five large domes, in a raw, and 40 smaller ones, symmetrically disposed, correspond to the pillared squares within. The roof is supported by 120 pillared of the same pattern. The Mosque has an elegant simplicity: the columnar style adopted here appears to be on purpose, and compares favourably with the arched façade of other mosques in and around Ahmedabad. The ablution tank is situated in an enclosed alley, at the half the height of the roof. Access to the roof through porch, in the thickness of the wall.

The tomb of Sultan Mohmud Begada is also part of the Sarkhej complex. Stonework covers the pillar on three sides of the tomb, except for the east. A balcony window projects into the tank.

The tomb has a dome of 6.4 m. diameter carried on 12 inner pillars and containing tombs on raised platforms. This is successively surrounded by a second and third square of 20 & 28 Pillars, respectively. The roof has, besides the main dome, 16 outer, smaller domes.

Teen Darwaja
 ( Ahmedabad )
The triple arched gateway was built by Sultan Ahmed shah the founder of Ahmedabad. He laid the foundation in 1411 A.D. and graced the city with splendid monuments. Teen Darwaja is one of them. This gate was served as Royal entrance to the Maidan Shahi or the Royal Square. It is an imposing monument of perfect proportions and highly ornate buttresses.

Tomb of Shah Alam
 ( Ahmedabad )
Shah Alam was one of the Sufi Saint. The tomb and mosque of the saint Shah Alam are said to have been built by the brother of the empress Noorjehan. The brass doors are set in carved marble frames, and the floored is in black and white marble. In the interior side of roza there are twenty pillars. Near the main entrance of the roza there is another entrance with beautiful carved wooden doors.

Shahibag Palace
Shahibaugh Palace was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Who as prince Khurram spent the early years of his marriage in Ahmedabad as victory of Gujarat. The great poet noble prizewinner Shree Rabindranath Tagore stayed in this palace during his visit to Ahmedabad in his young days he got the inspiration for his famous work “Hungry stones “, from this place and he wrote this book. This book is preserved as at the memorial to the poet.

Bhadra Fort
 ( Ahmedabad )
The foundation stone of the city was laid here on March 4, 1411. There was royal palaces and beautiful Nagina Baugh inside the fort. Bhadra had 14 burjs covering an area of 43 acres. The walls encircling the city were built during the time of Mahmood Beghda. The temple of Bhadrakali nearby was a room in the north wing of the palace built by the Moghul Governor. Azam Khan before it was converted into a temple by Marathas.

Rani ki Vav
 ( Patan )
Rani Ki Vav (Step well) in Patan was built by Rani Udaymati of the Solanki dynasty in memory of her husband Bhimdeva I. It has seven galleries and is laid out in an east-west direction. The stepped corridors and some of the mandaps are beautiful to behold. The galleries contain exquisite sculptures of gods and goddesses. At water level the recumbent figure of Vishnu on Sesha (the thousand-hooded serpents) the Buddha is included among the Dasavataras, the ten incarnations of Vishnu. Such wells are found throughout arid regions of Gujarat and Rajasthan. They provided cool retreats from the torrid heat of the region. Initially such wells were dug as simple structures. But as time passed, they were embellished with sculptures to provide attraction to the viewers. The water at the lowest level was no doubt used by weary travelers to quench their thirst.

Langhanaj locality 
( Mehsana )
The Langhanaj locality of Mehsana is particularly interesting as 14 fossilized skeletons and microlithes were unearthed here. The early man of Langhanaj bore close affinity with the East African. During the early period, Mehsana was the home of the aboriginal.


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