Ahmedabad was founded by
Sultan Ahmed Shah on the banks of River Sabarmati in 1411 A.D.
it that he decided to build the capital at Ahmedabad because he saw a
rabbit attacking one of his hunter dogs. It occurred to him that if
the rabbits of the region were so brave, the people must be even
Sultan Ahmed Shah graced his
kingdom with splendid monuments, mosques, pavilions and mausoleums,
marking the beginning of the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.
Modern day Ahmedabad, the capital of the State of Gujarat is the
largest city and a leading industrial centre in Gujarat. It is also
the sixth largest in India. But Ahmedabad has a lot more to offer
Popularly known as the
Manchester of the East, Ahmedabad boasts of the largest denim
production in the world. It is also home to several interesting
museums. Many of Ahmedabad's buildings bear the signatures of
world-renowned architects like Le Corbusier, Louis Khan , Doshi and
It is from the austere
habitat of Sabarmati at Ahmedabad, that the 'Father of the Nation' -
Mahatma Gandhi took on the mighty British Empire, and gave human race
one of its most remarkable ways to fight oppression - non-violence.
The Ahmedabad circuit, which
covers the northern part of Gujarat, is a fascinating blend of
history, culture and adventure. It is home to the Sabarmati Ashram,
Mahatma Gandhi's famous retreat and the nerve centre of India's
freedom movement, Ambaji -an important place of pilgrimage in Gujarat
and some of the finest examples of Indo- Saracenic architecture like
the Jumma Masjid and the Siddi Sayyad Mosque.
In Ahmedabad you will also find step wells, a unique feature of this
region and ornately carved temples at Modhera and Kumbharia. Most of
the places of tourist interest can be conveniently accessed from
Ahmedabad by road, rail and air.
Adalaj Vav (
Adalaj Vav is situated 18 kms. north of Ahmedabad in Gandhinagar
district. Built in 1499 A.D. by Queen Rudabai, this step well at the
village Adalaj is a fine example of magnificent architectural form,
unique to Northwestern India.
The step well or Vav as it is locally called is intricately carved and
is several stories in depth. The designs on its walls and pillars
include, leaves, flowers, birds, fish and other breathtaking
A unique characteristic of step wells was that they not only conserved
water but were also cool chambers where one could rest during hot
summer months. In the olden days, these step wells used to be
frequented by travellers and caravans as stopovers along their trade
The Jumma Masjid (
Jumma Masjid was built in 1424 CE by Sultan Ahmed Shah I, the founder
of Ahmedabad. It is a massive structure with entrances on three-side
west, south and north. The eastern porches entrance has the mausoleum
of Sultan Ahmed Shah I. The mosque, which stands on 260 pillars, is
supported by 15 domes arranged symmetrically. A feature of the mosque
is the royal gallery with beautiful stonework.
The mosque shows distinctive Hindu and Jain influence on the Sultanate
period architecture. Sir John Marshall has described the mosque as
one of the most superb and imposing structures of its class in the
The shaking minarets are two minarets located at the Siddhi Bashir
They are uniquely designed in a way that when one minaret is shaken
the other one shakes too.
Siddi Sayed Mosque
Sidi Saiyads Mosque is famous for its 10 unique semi-circular tracery
windows. The tracery resembles the famous silver filigree work for
which Gujarat is so famous. They adorn the upper zones of the side and
back walls. The two western windows with exquisite naturalistic
patterns are without parallel anywhere in India. The remaining eight
windows have jail workmanship of square grid pattern. The mosque was
built in 1572-73 CE by Saikh Said commonly spelt as Sayyaid, who was
noted noble of the time of Sultan Muzaffar Shah III.
The interior of the mosque is divided into 15 areas with differing
inner dome-style. The wooden models of the two western windows have
been placed in the New York and Kensington museums.
Gandhi Ashram or Harijan Ashram founded in 1917 on the bank of the
Sabarmati River played a notable part in the freedom struggle of the
country. The first campaign that was launched from here was the
Satyagrah of the Ahmedabad Textile Mill workers. Then came the Kheda
Satyagrah. The anti-Rowlett Act. Campaign became a national movement
against the British Government. Hriday Kunj, where Gandhiji has
stayed, is very well maintained with his charkha and personal
belongings on view. The Nandini Guest House where the stalwart leaders
of the country stayed is not far off. It was from the Sabarmati Ashram
that the Mahatama launched his famous Dandi March of 1930. That was
the last campaign launched from this place. The Gandhi Sangralaya has
an invaluable collection of the Mahatamas correspondence and other
memorabilia. The Ashram has a memorial center, library and sound and
light spectacles for the benefit of the visitors.
The urban structure of the town is made of several neighborhoods
called Pols; Pols are densely populated and are like a maze with
carved wooden facades in traditional Gujarati architectural style.
The famous saint, Makhdum Shaikh Ahmed Khattu, a disciple of Baba Ishq
Maghribi of Khattu, settle and died at Sarkhej, about 10 km.
South-west of Ahmedabad. Construction on a dargah and mosque were
begun in 1946, under Mohammad Shah II, and completed the reign of
Sultan Qutb-ud-din Ahmed Shah.
The Dargah, the largest of its kind in Gujarat, has plinth area of
31.70 m. and is roofed by a large dome. It also has surrounding rows
of 13 pillars on each side. The walls are broken up into two storeys
and perforated stonework of gate variety fills up the spaces above and
below the dividing stones. The inner central square, too, is
partitioned by screen walls, perforated in steel and metal, with a
door in similar workmanship.
A porch leads from the dargah into the Mosque, which to the west. The
mosque has a roof of uniform height. Five large domes, in a raw, and
40 smaller ones, symmetrically disposed, correspond to the pillared
squares within. The roof is supported by 120 pillared of the same
pattern. The Mosque has an elegant simplicity: the columnar style
adopted here appears to be on purpose, and compares favourably with
the arched façade of other mosques in and around Ahmedabad. The
ablution tank is situated in an enclosed alley, at the half the height
of the roof. Access to the roof through porch, in the thickness of the
The tomb of Sultan Mohmud Begada is also part of the Sarkhej complex.
Stonework covers the pillar on three sides of the tomb, except for the
east. A balcony window projects into the tank.
The tomb has a dome of 6.4 m. diameter carried on 12 inner pillars and
containing tombs on raised platforms. This is successively surrounded
by a second and third square of 20 & 28 Pillars, respectively. The
roof has, besides the main dome, 16 outer, smaller domes.
The triple arched gateway was built by Sultan Ahmed shah the
founder of Ahmedabad. He laid the foundation in 1411 A.D. and graced
the city with splendid monuments. Teen Darwaja is one of them. This
gate was served as Royal entrance to the Maidan Shahi or the Royal
Square. It is an imposing monument of perfect proportions and highly
Tomb of Shah Alam
Shah Alam was one of the Sufi Saint. The tomb and mosque of the saint
Shah Alam are said to have been built by the brother of the empress
Noorjehan. The brass doors are set in carved marble frames, and the
floored is in black and white marble. In the interior side of roza
there are twenty pillars. Near the main entrance of the roza there is
another entrance with beautiful carved wooden doors.
Shahibaugh Palace was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah
Jahan. Who as prince Khurram spent the early years of his marriage in
Ahmedabad as victory of Gujarat. The great poet noble prizewinner
Shree Rabindranath Tagore stayed in this palace during his visit to
Ahmedabad in his young days he got the inspiration for his famous work
Hungry stones , from this place and he wrote this book. This book is
preserved as at the memorial to the poet.
The foundation stone of the city was laid here on March 4, 1411. There
was royal palaces and beautiful Nagina Baugh inside the fort. Bhadra
had 14 burjs covering an area of 43 acres. The walls encircling the
city were built during the time of Mahmood Beghda. The temple of
Bhadrakali nearby was a room in the north wing of the palace built by
the Moghul Governor. Azam Khan before it was converted into a temple
Rani ki Vav
Rani Ki Vav (Step well) in Patan was built by Rani Udaymati of the
Solanki dynasty in memory of her husband Bhimdeva I. It has seven
galleries and is laid out in an east-west direction. The stepped
corridors and some of the mandaps are beautiful to behold. The
galleries contain exquisite sculptures of gods and goddesses. At water
level the recumbent figure of Vishnu on Sesha (the thousand-hooded
serpents) the Buddha is included among the Dasavataras, the ten
incarnations of Vishnu. Such wells are found throughout arid regions
of Gujarat and Rajasthan. They provided cool retreats from the torrid
heat of the region. Initially such wells were dug as simple
structures. But as time passed, they were embellished with sculptures
to provide attraction to the viewers. The water at the lowest level
was no doubt used by weary travelers to quench their thirst.
( Mehsana )
The Langhanaj locality of Mehsana is particularly interesting as 14
fossilized skeletons and microlithes were unearthed here. The early
man of Langhanaj bore close affinity with the East African. During the
early period, Mehsana was the home of the aboriginal.