most famous monument, this is the starting point for most tourists who
want to explore the city. It was built as a triumphal arch to
commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary, complete with
four turrets and intricate latticework carved into the yellow basalt
stone. Ironically, when the Raj ended in 1947, this colonial symbol
also became a sort of epitaph: the last of the British ships that set
sail for England left from the Gateway. Today this symbol of
colonialism has got Indianised, drawing droves of local tourists and
citizens. Behind the arch, there are steps leading down to the water.
Here, you can get onto one of the bobbing little motor launches, for a
short cruise through Mumbai's splendid natural harbour.
The Gateway of India is a monument in Mumbai, India. Located on the
waterfront in South Mumbai, the Gateway is a basalt arch 26 metres
high. The Gateway is traditionally the first thing visitors arriving
by boat would see of Mumbai. Behind the Gateway steps lead down to the
waterfront, where boat trips can be had to locations such as Elephanta
The Gateway of India
was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to
Bombay, prior to the Darbar in Delhi in December 1911. The foundation
stone was laid on March 31, 1911 by the Governor of Bombay Sir George
Sydenham Clarke, with George Wittet's final design sanctioned in
August 1914. Between 1915 and 1919 work proceeded on reclamations at
Apollo Bundar for the land on which the gateway and the new sea wall
would be built. The foundations were completed in 1920, and
construction was finished in 1924. The Gateway was opened on December
4, 1924 by the Viceroy, the Earl of Reading.
The last British troops to leave India, the First Battalion of the
Somerset Light Infantry, passed through the gate in a ceremony on
February 28, 1948.