The climate of Maharashtra
is typically monsoonal in character,
with 'hot' rainy and cold weather seasons. The months of March-April
and May are maximum heat. During this season, especially in April and
May thunderstorms are a common feature all over the state. The first
week of June is the time for the onset of the south-west monsoon.
Rains spread out from the south western and western sides all over
Maharashtra. July is the wettest month and August is substantially
rainy, by September the south west monsoonal current weakens. October
marks the transition from the rainy season to winter. The general
drying up of the land and greater sunshine, accompanied by high
humidity, produce familiar phenomenon of 'October heat'. From November
to February there is a cool dry spell, with clear skies gentle breezes
and pleasant weather, though the eastern margins of Maharashtra
receive some rainfall.
In the general March of seasons in Maharashtra, the dominant natural
factor that affects basically the life and economy of the peoples is
the rainfall in its regime amount and variability. In regime quite
major part of the rain is received during the four months from June to
September. This concentration is particular to the Konkan and
Sahyadrian Maharashtra. In central Maharashtra, though the total
precipitations is much lower, there is a wider spread over the months
of June to October with a noticeable maximum in September. From
Maharashtra, the total rainfall steadily increases towards the east
under the influence of the Bay of Bengal monsoon and hence eastern
Vidarbha receives its major rains in the month of July August and
September. The heaviest rainfall in Maharashtra occurs in the main
Different regions have
different rainfalls. These regional difference in the total annual
rainfall help in distinguishing three zones of Maharashtra; the wet,
the intermediate and semiarid zones. The variability of monsoonal
rains is common all over Maharashtra. This unpredictable monsoonal
rains affect the agriculture and this will impact economic distress
and human suffering. The rainfall in Maharashtra is not fully utilised.
A major portion goes waste to the sea in torrents during rainy season.
While in the summer months many of these areas suffer acute shortage
even of drinking water.
Temperature variations in Maharashtra are not of that consequence as
those in rainfall. Tropical conditions are common all over and even
the hill stations are not that cold. But lower winter temperature on
the plateau do help the growth of some important crops like wheat,
gram, linseed and grapes. High summer temperatures induce local
thunder showers. Dew, frost, hail and other local weather phenomena
are not absent from the climate.