The Imphal West District falls in the Category of
valley region. It is a tiny plain at the centre of Manipur surrounded
by Plains of other districts. Imphal City, the State Capital is the
nodal functional centre of this District. As a first glance, we may
summarized as in the table.
It is surrounded by Seaport District on the north, on the east by
Imphal East and Thoubal districts, on the south by Thoubal and
Bishnupur Districts, and on the west by Senapati and Bishnupur
How to get there
Air: Indian Airlines connect Imphal, the capital of Manipur,
with major cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati and Silchar. NEPC
Airlines has daily flights to Imphal from Guwahati, and Indian
Airlines 6 days in a week from Kolkata to Imphal.
Rail: Dimapur town of Nagaland, 215 kms from Imphal, is the
nearest railhead. Another railhead is Jiribam, a small town in Manipur
225 kms from Imphal.
Road: Imphal is connected by road with Guwahati (Assam) through
National Highway No. 39 and Silchar
(Assam) through National Highway No. 53.
All foreigners intending to visit Manipur can avail of permits
from Indian Missions abroad, FRRO offices in Mumbai, Kolkata and New
Delhi, the Immigration Office in Madras and the Home Commissioner,
Government of Manipur, Imphal. Areas that can be visited include
Imphal City, Loktak Lake, INA Memorial (Moirang) , Sendra, Waithou
Lake, Keibul Lamjao National Park, and the Khongjom War Memorial.
Domestic tourists intending to visit Manipur by road via
Dimapur / Kohima require Inner Line Permits to pass through Nagaland.
These are issued by the Liaison officers of the Government of Nagaland
at New Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati, Shillong and the Sub-divisional
Officer (Civil), Dimapur. The Deputy Commissioner, Imphal West can
also issue permits to tourists travelling by road from Imphal to
Kohima and Dimapur in Nagaland.
Flora and Fauna
The district is endowed with a rich variety of vegetation. The
prevailing climatic conditions are favourable for growing a wide range
of herbs, shrubs, and also flowering and non-flowering trees. In
addition, a variety of medicinal plants are also grown in the
district. Few important varieties of non-fruit bearing trees, fruit
bearing trees, etc of worth mentioning are Bamboos, Pepals, Kaubila,
Eucalyptus, Amla, Parkai roxburgil (Yongchak), Arundo donax (yendhou),
Carica papaya (papaya), Citrus grandia (Pamelo), Mangifera indica
(Mango), Prunus domestics (plum), Prumus persica (peach), Pyrus
selerotine (pear), Psidium guavaya (guava), Famarin dus
The abundant existence of wild animals in the district is only of past
story. Due to the heavy pressure on land and cleaning of forest land
in the valley, the existenceof varieties of animals, birds, fauna are
on fast decreasing trend. Fox, deer, wild pig, jungle cat, monkeys and
leopards were the important animals once habited in the district. Of
which, monkeys are said to be the only animal available in the
district (in the premises of Hanuman Thakur mandir at Mahabali). A
large variety of birds are found in the district. The common birds
available in the district are sparrow, swallow, owl, myna, pigeon,
nightingale, king fisher, wood pecker, heren, kite, etc.
People and culture
The people of the district are mostly Manipuris excepting small
numbers of non-manipuris living in the District. Manipuri (Meiteilon)
is the main language. There are different kinds of cultural
institutions for Manipuri dances viz. Jawaharlal Nehru Dance Accademy,
Manipuri Jagoi Marup, etc., one Art College one State Museum, one
State Central Library, one State Archives, and some Organised Martial
Places to visit
A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
Shree Shree Govindajee Temple
A historic Vaishnavite center, adjoining the
Royal palace of Manipur's former Maharajas, the Govindajee temple is a
simple yet beautiful structure. Twin domes, a pave courtyard, and a
large raise congregation hall form a perfect backdrop for priest who
decend the steps, to accept offerings from devotees in the courtyard.
The shrines of Krishna and Balaram and Jagannath flank the two sides
of the presiding deity.
Women's market or Ima keithel
A unique all women's market, having 3000 "Imas" or mothers who run the
stalls, it is split two sections on either side of road. Vegetables,
fruits, fish and household groceries are sold on one side and
exquisite handlooms and household tools on the other. Not far away is
a street where beautiful wicker works and basketry are sold.
Commemorating the memories of British and Indian soldiers who died
during the Second World War, these cemeteries are managed by the
Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Serene and well maintained, the
graves carry little stone markers and bronze plaques recording the
sacrifice of those gallant soldiers.
Manipur Zoological Gardens
6 kms to west of Imphal city, at the foot of the pine growing
hillocks at Iroisemba on the Imphal-Kanchup Road are the Zoological
Gardens. Not to be missed is an opportunity to see the graceful brow
antlered deer (Sangai) one of the rarest species in the world, in
Manipur State Museum
This interesting museum near the polo ground has a fairly good display
of Manipur's tribal heritage and a collection of portraits of
Manipur's former rulers. Particularly interesting items are costumes,
arms and weapons ,relics and historical documents.
Open: 10 am to 4.30 pm, Monday and Holidays closed
Museum, an important institution for preservation of relics of human
civilization and glorious past of any society, is the mirror through
which to see the materials and cultural heritage of the society and
civilization. The Manipur State Museum was inaugurated by the late
Prime Minister of India, Smt. Indira Gandhi on 23rd September,
1969. During 32nd years, this Museum has become a full-fledged
multipurpose Museum comprising of various Galleries like - Ethnology,
Archeology, Natural History, Painting, Jallan, Children's Gallery and
an open air gallery for housing the 78ft long boat called Hiyang
Hiren (Royal boat).
Apart from the normal functions of Museum, the Manipur State Museum
took up various activities like Museum awareness programmes,
Conservation of Biological specimens, cultural appreciation course,
Science fairs, thematic exhibition, mobile exhibition etc.
Now a days, Manipur State Museum has taken up numerous sponsor
programmers through National and International Museums.