The erstwhile princely state of manipur
is jewel of a land with its bounteours vistas of ustrammelled beauty
and ancent traditions. Set in a oval valley amongst smoky blue
hills, it is the home of the Meitei who dominat the populace which is
an admixture of naga and Kuki Chain Mizo groups amongst other
The serenity of these prestine and isolated environs has permeated the
lifestyle of these people with a lavish hand alowing them to
live for centuries in harmony.
The Manipur's inspiration arise from the wondrous balance of the floa
and fauna that abound in its environs. Almost 70 percent of ther is
under forest cover. The stunning cobination of wet forests temperate
forest sand pine forests sustain a host of rare and endemic plant and
animal life. Some of the world's rarest orchids spring from the
Denizens of the forest include the rare hoolock gibbon the snow
leopard and slow loris amongst a glaxy of othere rate fauna.
Indigenous to Manipur's rich natural heritage is the sangal - the
dancing deer, ther rarest of creatures that is facing extinction.
Manipur has a varied and proud history from the earliest times. It
came under the British rule after the First Anglo Manipuri war
of 1891. In this war, many great heroes of Manipur laid down their
lives. Major General Paona Brajabashi died fighting the British Army
in the battle of Khongjom. The British then captured Imphal and had
General Thangal and Yuvraj(Prince) Tekendrajit hanged.
After India became independent on August 15, 1947; the Manipur
Constitution Act, 1947 established a democratic form of Government
with the Maharaja as the Executive Head and a legislature constituted
by election on adult franchise. This legislative assembly functioned
till it was dissolved on the integration of the state with the
Dominion of India in October, 1949. Manipur achieved full statehood on
January 21, 1972.
FLORA AND FAUNA:
The wet forests, the temperate forest and the pine forests occur
between 900-2700 metres above sea level and they together sustain a
host of rare and endemic plant and animal life. There are around 500
varieties of orchids which grow in Manipur of which 472 have so far
been identified. Hoolock gibbon, Slow loris, Clouded leopard, Mrs.
Hume's Barebacked pheasant, Blyth's Tragopan, Hornbills etc. form only
a part of the natural heritage of Manipur. However, the most unique is
the "Sangai", the dancing deer. The floating mass of vegetation on the
Loktak Lake sustains small herds of this endemic deer which is the
most threatened species in the world.
FOREIGN TOURISTS: All foreign tourists visiting Manipur require
Restricted Area permit (RAP) issued by Ministry of Home Affairs,
Government of India, New Delhi. The permits are also issued by Indian
Missions abroad, Foreign Regional Registration office (FRRO) in
Mumbai, Kolkata, Immigration office in Chennai and the Home
Commissioner, Govt. of Manipur, Imphal.
DOMESTIC TOURISTS: Indian tourists visiting Manipur via
Dimapur/Kohima require Inner Line Permit to pass through Nagaland.
These permits are issued by the Liaison officers of the Govt. of
Nagaland at New Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati /Shillong and the
Sub-Divisional Office (Civil) Dimapur. Deputy Commissioner, Imphal can
also issue permits to tourists traveling by road from Imphal to Kohima
and Dimapur in Nagaland.