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Mizoram   >>  History of Mizoram    >>   Festival of Mizoram  >>  Culture of Mizoram   >>  Dance of Mizoram   >>  Aizawl
Geography    >>  Wildlife in Mizoram  >>  Handloom of Mizoram   >>  Map of Mizoram

FESTIVAL OF MIZORAM

Mizoram has an ancient and incredibly rich tradition with dances which reflect the amalgamation of centuries of cross-cultural inputs. The indigenous festivals of this beautiful state mirror it's diverse heritage during the celebration of the seasonal cycle of sowing and harvesting.

'Kut' is the Mizo word for 'Festival'. Since Mizos are agriculturist in occupation, all the festivals are closely associated with agricultural activities. The major festivals of the Mizos are Chapchar Kut(March), Mim Kut & Pawl Kut (November/December) and Thalfavang Kut (November).

Various indigenous musical instruments used during these festivities as accompaniments such as the "tingtang" (Guitar), a string instrument and the "Phenglawng" ( a flute). The revivalist movement of old traditions has been the reappearance of love songs and lullabies originating from the time of the great migrations from Burma.

Chapchar Kut
At the end of February, when winter starts receding, the Mizos prepare the land for fresh planting. There are few days of relaxation before the serious business of sowing starts and that is when the Chapchar Kut festival is celebrated with gaiety and fervour. A spring festival, this is the most important festival and the only one regularly observed during the first week of March in Mizoram.

On this day people of all ages, young and old, men and women dressed in their colorful costumes and distinctive head gears and jewelries, assemble and perform various folk dances, singing traditional songs accompanied by beating of drums, gongs and cymbals.

They dance in joyous celebration of life, each team displaying the best of its region. These are generally group dances with a lot of bonhomie and courting woven into them. Some dances are strictly martial danced by strong virile warriors with their weapons and trophies.

One dance perennially popular is the Cheraw or the "bamboo dance" so called as long bamboo staves are used for this dance. This is the most colourful and distinctive dance of the Mizos requiring skill and an alert mind to perform.

The other main dances performed during Chapchar Kut are Khuallam, Chheihlam, Chai and Sarlamkai.

"Khual lam" is an auspicious dance performed by a group of dancers celebrating new beginnings. It is also a welcome dance for guests during community festivities. To attain a position of distinction, a Mizo had to go through a series of ceremonies and perform many feats of heroic deeds. These ceremonies are always accompanied by a feast and to this feast, friends from nearby villages are invited - hence, Khuallam is the dance for the visitors or guests.

The "Chheih lam" is another community dance performed by both men and women. The war dance "Solakia", a prerogative of the male population of the community, is accompanied by rhythmic beating of the drums.

Exhibition and sale of indigenous Handloom and Handicraft products and other tourist attractions like flower show, food festival, musical competition and different traditional games are also organized during the Chapchar Kut festival.

Mim Kut & Pawl Kut

These festivals are celebrated in the last week of November or the first week of December (part of the tourist season) to celebrate the completion of the harvesting season.
The entire community joins in the celebration with great enthusiasm, joy and feasting. Traditional folk dances, songs and games are performed during the festival.

Thalfavang Kut

Mizoram celebrates the festival of Thalfavang Kut every November. This festival is celebrated after the completion of weeding of the land in preparation for the forthcoming harvesting season. This festival also depicts the cultural heritage and the traditional games of the Mizo. It has given the community an opportunity to come together and renew old bonds and ties.

Christmas

Since the majority of the population is Christian, Christmas is one of the most important events of the Mizos. This festival is usually celebrated from 24th December to 26th December. Christmas Eve is celebrated on the 24th followed by celebrations in the church on the 25th of December. On the last day a great feast is organized where everyone from children to adults take part with great fervor and festivities.


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