lies in the southernmost outpost of North Eastern India, the land of
the Blue Mountains. Manipur, Assam and Tripura bind the northern end
of this little island of tranquility with neigh bouring countries
Myanmar and Bangladesh nestling most of the state between them.
Evergreen ranges of Mizoram hills with blooms of exotic flora and
dense bamboo jungles rise sharply from the plains of Assam in a north
south direction. These hills and plunging gorges are criss-crossed by
gushing rivers and sparkling waterfalls. Highest among its several
peaks is the Phawngpui The Blue Mountain.
In sharp contrast to the dense jungles and steep hills is a rugged
quilt of lush paddy fields all the way from the center of the state
towards the Myanmar border.
Oral tradition reveals (there is no known recorded history) that the
Mizos migrated from their homeland in China about 3 centuries ago, in
search of new pastures and settled in these remote Mizo Hills (Lushai
Hills). In the nineteenth century this region was annexed to Assam,
under the British rule, as the Lushai Hills District and in February
1972, it became the 23rd state of the Indian Union.
From the 19th Century, the Christian Missionaries have played a
dominating role in the State, 85.73% of the population are Christians
(Presbyterians, Baptists, Roman Catholic, Salvation Army, Seventh Day
Adventists, United Pentecostal Church, and other denominations) and
are greatly responsible for the westernization of its social life.
There has also been a concerted effort by the young to propagate their
ancient cultural strains by clinging to their traditional roots
resulting in bringing to the limelight some of the most vibrant
ancient Mizo traditions, cultural heritage and colourful customs.
Mizoram is a kaleidoscopic 'pleasure trove' for the discerning visitor
with its wide array of festivals and dances, handicrafts, flora and
fauna, breathtaking natural beauty and temperate climate. The Mizos
are friendly and very hospitable. English is one of the Commonly
spoken languages. The joyful enthusiasm and gregarious spirit of the
local populace has been vastly responsible for establishing some of
the most attractive tourism features in this beautiful state.
Today, Mizoram is a dazzling mix of this cross-cultural vibrancy with
87 percent literacy (second highest in India- a fact in which every
Mizo takes genuine pride), gender equality and a vigorous pursuit of
its ancient cultural traditions and social mores.
How to reach Mizoram
Nearest airport is Aizawl
Aizawl is connected to Kolkata, (1 hr ) and Imphal (30 min) and
Guwahti. Indian Airlines (Alliance Air) flights Kolkata - Aizawl -
Kolkata ( daily service ) and Kolkata - Aizawl - Imphal - Aizawl -
Kolkata (Monday, Wednesday, Friday ), Guwahati - Aizawl (Tuesday,
Thursday, Saturday and Sunday).
BY RAIL Nearest railhead is Silchar which is in Assam ( 184 km
From Guwahati, travel to Silchar by Barak Valley Express, Cachar
Express or the Tripura Passenger. The journey takes about 19 hrs.
BY ROAD NH - 54 connects Aizawl with the rest of the country
through Silchar. Buses and taxis are available from Silchar to Aizawl
( 6-8 hrs ). Night services are also available. Aizawl is also
accessible by road from Shillong and Guwahati.
Road Distances from Aizawl
Guwahati - 506 km
Imphal - 374 km
Kohima - 479 km
Shillong - 450 km
Agartala - 443 km