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RAJASTHAN TOUR PACKAGES

Golden Triangle Tours
Duration : 03 Nights/ 04 Days
Golden Triangle with Gwalior
Duration : 06 Nights/ 07 Days
ExoticTaj Mahal Tour
Duration : 08 Nights/ 09 Days
Land of The Maharajas Tour
Duration : 10 Nights/ 11 Days
Royal Rajasthan On Wheel
Duration:-
07 Nights/ )8 Days

Palace On Wheels
Duration:-
06 Nights/ 07 Days

Rajasthan Splendor Tour
Duration : 13 Nights/ 14 Days

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SOUTH INDIA TOUR PACKAGES

Tamil Nadu Holiday Tours
Duration : 23 Nights/ 24 Days
Tamil Nadu Temple Tours
Duration : 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Tamil Nadu Pilgrim Tours
Duration : 09 Nights/ 10 Days

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KASHMIR TOUR PACKAGES

Honeymoon Special Package
Duration
: 08 Nights/ 09 Days
Deluxe Houseboat Package
Duration : 05 Nights/ 06 Days
Vaishno Devi & Kashmir Tour
Duration : 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Kashmir Ladakh Tour Package
Duration : 07 Nights/ 08 Days

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Orissa   >>  Places of Interest  >> History  >> Hotels  >> Cultures  >>  Dance & Music  >>  Beaches   >>  Map of Orissa
Orissa Tribal's  >> People & Lifestyle  >>  Rath Yatra  >> Fair and Festivals  >> Geography
>>  Wildlife

History

Orissa has a history spanning a period of over 2000 years. The history of Orissa is in many ways atypical from that of the northern plains and many of the common generalizations that are made about Indian history do not seem to apply to the Oriya region. The word Oriya is an anglicised version of Odia which itself is a modern name for the Odra or Udra tribes that inhabited the central belt of modern Orissa. Orissa has also been the home of the Kalinga and Utkal tribes that played a particularly prominent role in the region's history, and one of the earliest references to the ancient Kalingas appears in the writings of Vedic chroniclers. In the 6th C. BC, Vedic Sutrakara Baudhayana mentions Kalinga as being beyond the Vedic fold, indicating that Brahminical influences had not yet touched the land. Unlike some other parts of India, tribal customs and traditions played a significant role in shaping political structures and cultural practices right up to the 15th C. when Brahminical influences triumphed over competing traditions and caste differentiation began to inhibit social mobility and erode what had survived of the ancient republican tradition.

In ancient times, it was the proud kingdom of Kalinga. Kalinga was a major seafaring nation that controlled and traded with most of the sea routes in the Bay of Bengal. For several centuries, a substantial part of South Asia & Southeast Asia was under its cultural influence. The temple at Angkor Wat is a fine example of Oriya-influenced Indian architecture. Some parts of Southern and South Eastern Asia such as Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Java, Sumatra, Bali, Vietnam and Thailand were colonized by people from Orissa. In Malaysia, Indians are still referred as Kalings because of this. Many illustrious Sri Lankan kings such as Nisanka Malla and Parakarama Bahu claim Kalinga origin. The king who destroyed the Sinhalese Buddhist control of Northern Sri Lanka and established a Hindu Kingdom in Jaffna was known as Kalinga Magha. One theory holds that the name of the country "Siam" for Thailand is derived from Oriya/Sanskrit Shyamadesha. The Angkor Wat in Cambodia is Orissan, with local variations. Bali in Indonesia still retains its Orissan-influenced Hindu heritage.

A major turning point in world history took place in Orissa. The famous Kalinga war that led emperor Ashoka to embrace non-violence and the teachings of Buddha was fought here in 261 BC. Ashoka's military campaign against Kalinga was one of the bloodiest in Mauryan history on account of the fearless and heroic resistance offered by the Kalingas to the mighty armies of the expanding Mauryan empire. Perhaps on account of their unexpected bravery, emperor Ashoka was compelled to issue two edicts specifically calling for a just and benign administration in Kalinga. Later on, Asoka was instrumental in spreading Buddhist philosophy all over Asia.

In the third century BC, Kalinga flourished as a powerful kingdom under the Jaina king, Kharavela. He ruled all the way down south to include parts of the Tamil country. He built the superb monastic caves at Udayagiri and Khandagiri. Subsequently, the kingdom was ruled under various monarchs, such as Samudragupta and Sasanka. It also was a part of Harsha's empire. In 795 AD, the king Yayati Kesari I of Kesari dynasty united Kalinga, Kosala and Utkala into a single empire. He is also supposed to have built the first Jagarnnath Temple at Puri although the current structure of the temple is entirely different and was built by Kings Choda Gangadeva and Ananga Bhimadeva of the Ganga Dynasty in the 12th century. The famous Lingaraja temple in Bhubaneswar was started by Keshari dynasty king Yayati Keshari III and completed by his son Lalatendu Keshari in the 10th century. King Narasimha Dev is reputed to have built the magnificent Sun Temple in Konark. Although now largely in ruins, the temple may have rivaled the Taj Mahal in splendour.

The Moguls conquered Bengal and Orissa in 1576; however, Orissa was subsequently ceded to the Marathas in 1751.

In 1803, the British under the British East India Company occupied Orissa after the Second Anglo-Maratha War. In 1823, Orissa was divided into the three districts of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri, and a number of native tributary states. Orissa was administered as part of the Bengal Presidency. Following famine and floods in 1866, large scale irrigation projects were undertaken in the last half of the 19th century. The coastal section was separated from Bengal and made into the Province of Bihar and Orissa in 1912, in response to local agitation for a separate state for Oriya-speaking peoples. In 1936, Bihar and Orissa were split into separate provinces.

Following Indian independence, the area of Orissa was almost doubled and the population was increased by a third by the addition of 30 former princely states. In 1950, Orissa became a constituent state in the Union of India.


 Amarnath Yatra Tour
Duration : 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Kailash Mansarovar Yatra
Duration : 15 Nights/ 16 Days
Buddhist India Tour
Duration : 10 Nights/ 11 Days
Chardham Yatra Tour
Duration : 11 Nights/ 12 Days
Golden Temple Tour
Duration : 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Hemkund Sahib Yatra
Duration : 07 Nights/ 08 Days
South India Religious Tour
Duration:-

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Corbett National Park
Duration : 08 Nights/ 09 Days
Tiger Trails
Duration : 15 Nights / 16 Days
Wildlife and Bird Watching
Duration: 15 Night/ 16 Days
South India Wildlife Tour
Duration: 16 Nights / 17 Days
North East India Wildlife Tour Package
Duration - 22 Nights / 23 Days
Wildlife with Taj & Temple
Duration - 13 Nights / 14 Days

Jungle Holidays Tour
Duration:-
20 Nights/ 21 Days

... more wildlife India

North India / Nepal Wildlife Tour
Durations
:- 14 Nights/ 15 Days 

Lord Buddha Parikrima Tours
 Duration :-
15 Nights/16 Days

Nepal to Bhutan Tours
Duration:-
07 Nights/ 08 Days

North  India  Nepal  Tour
Durations :-
07 Nights/ 08  Days

North India (Rajasthan) Nepal Tour
Durations:-
20 Nights/ 21 Days

The Foot Steps of Lord Buddha
Duration :-
10 Nights/11 Days

Wildlife Sub Continental Tour
Duration:-
18 Nights/ 19 Days

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HIMACHAL TOUR  PACKAGES

Enchanting Himachal
Duration: 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Himachal Fantasy Tour
Duration: 10 Nights/ 11 Days
Hill & Valley Tour
Duration: 07 Nights/ 08 Days
Kangra Valley Tour
Duration: 06 Nights/ 07 Days
Manali Shimla &  Dharamsala
Duration: 8 Nights/ 9 Days
Manali Kullu & Shimla Tour
Duration: 6 Nights/ 7 Days

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